We all aware of the great Indian epic Ramayana which preaches that truth prevails over falsehood. Well! Lord Rama was a truthful avatar of Lord Vishnu who eventually won over the demon king Ravana in a battle as Ravana had taken Sita, Lord Rama’s wife forcefully to the kingdom of Lanka, today Sri Lanka. Ravana amidst his pride indulged himself into wrong-doings which took his life.
Today, we bring to you the goodness of the demon king Ravana. It is notable that every creature on this planet is equipped with positive and negative virtues so that it could commit both sins and rightful actions and so is Ravana.
The positive virtues of the biggest antagonist of Ramayana could be summed up as:-
1. Ravana was both a Brahmin and a Daitya
Yes, you will be surprised to know Ravana was born in a Pulsatya Brahmin clan while his mother belonged to a demon clan. Thus, Ravana has genetic attributes of his Brahmin father Vishwashwara and his demon mother Kaikasi. There also a theory that Ravana was the great grandson of Lord Brahma. Basically, the father of Vishwashwara was the son of Prajapati Pulsatya who was amongst the ten mind-born sons of Lord Brahma.
2. Lord Shiva blessed Ravana with the ‘Chandrahaas’
Ravana devotion for Lord Shiva was unmatched. Once, Lord Shiva was meditating on the Kailash Range of Himalayas when Ravana tried to dislodge the mountain. The agitated Lord Shiva then, crushed one of the forearms of Ravana and due to pain and agony, he screamed at the utmost level. Then, Ravana got his name otherwise earlier he was known as Dashanana. In order to please Lord Shiva and get his forearm free, Ravana composed the ‘Shiva Taandam Strotam’. Lord Shiva was pleased and he blessed Ravana with ‘Chandrahaas’, a weapon which could be used for just causes and bring victory to the possessor.
3. How Ravana got ten heads?
Since childhood, we are familiar with ten heads of Ravana. How’s that possible?
Ravana was such a fanatical worshipper of Lord Shiva that once he cut his head into ten pieces to offer ‘bali’ to Lord Shiva. The god was so overwhelmed that each piece of head spawned into a new head. There is also a theory that Ravana was a bhrahmagyaani or possessor of universal knowledge thus, ten head represented the six Shastras and four Vedas.
4. Ravana controlled the movements of the Sun and other planets
Ravana was a believer of astrology thus, when Meghnaada was to be born from Mandodari, Ravana’s wife; Ravana instructed all planets and the sun to stay aligned in order to get an auspicious lagna so that Meghnaada would attain immortality. However, the Shani or Saturn changed the position as a result of which, the furious Ravana hampered a ring of Saturn.
5. How Ravana became the king of Lanka?
Lanka, which was a prosperous territory of Ravana, was conquered by him. It is said that upon Lanka was a creation by Lord Shiva for Goddess Parvati. For the yagna of Bhoomi Poojan, Lord Shiva invited Vishwashwara, the eminent Rishi and father of Ravana. Due to some reason, Ravana went to conduct the poojan and when Lord Shiva asked him to ask his desired boon in return of offering the prayers, Ravana demanded Lanka. Apart from this, there is also a theory that Ravana usurped Lanka from his step-brother Kubera. Ravana and his brother Kumbhkarana had miraculous powers from Lord Brahma after they went for a penance for the Lord Brahma. Due to extraordinary powers, they both drove out Kubera from the kingdom and captured his Pushpaka Vimaan which could take any shape and had a speed of light. This Vimaan was used to kidnap Sita.
6. Ravana had a big, prosperous empire
King Ravana was an efficient ruler and his empire was extremely prosperous. He was a intelligent ruler and exceptional warrior. Apart from this, Ravana had exemplary knowledge of statecraft and diplomacy. It is evident in Ramayana that Lord Rama instructed his younger brother Laxamana to learn the tactics of statecraft and diplomacy from the dying king. His empire was spread over Lanka (today’s Sri Lanka), Malayadweep (today’s Malaysia), Balidweepa (today’s Bali), Varahdweep, Angadweepa, Yavadweepa, Shankhadweepa, Kushadweepa and Andhralaya.
7. Lord Brahma granted boon to Ravana
Lord Brahma had granted a boon to Ravana due to his fanatical worship. According to the boon, no devta (god), no daitya (demon), no kinnar (transgender) or no gandharva could ever kill him however, Ravana never thought of getting killed by a human. Thus, Lord Rama, the human form of Lord Vishnu killed him.
8. Ravana never denied worship of Lord Shiva
Ravana was a great devotee of Lord Shiva therefore, when Lord Rama wanted to build up the Sri Ram Setu on the sea to reach Lanka, Ravana was the Brahmin who offered his services of yagna. This was because; Lord Rama dedicated the yagna to Lord Shiva and therefore, Ravana being a diligent devotee, did not denied the worship of Lord Shiva.
9. Ravana wanted the boon of immortality.
Ravana wanted to be blessed with the boon of immortality but Lord Brahma denied his wish politely thus, saying that his life would remain concentrated to his naval. On tenth day of war between Lord Rama and King Ravana, Vibhishan, brother of Ravana who was a devotee of Lord Rama, told this secret to Lord Rama and thus, Lord Rama killed Ravana by shooting an arrow at his naval.
10. Ravana was aware of his doom
Being an expert astrologer, Ravana knew that Lord Rama would kill him. Being killed by an avatar of Lord Vishnu would help him attain moksha. Thus, he was aware of each and every consequence so he took Sita purposely to Lanka. However, he never mistreated Sita in any way.
Everyone has good and bad virtues. Ravana is the only antagonist from both the epics- Ramayana and Mahabharata who is worshipped in Sri Lanka. This is perhaps because Ravana was extremely knowledgeable and his reign in Lanka was the most prosperous one.
Hope, you liked to know about good virtues of King Ravana. Do not forget to share and comment.